By INC Swarnaprashan In Parenting On

What are the psychological effects of Covid-19 on children?

 What are the psychological effects of Covid-19 on children?

Everything began to mess as soon as the corona virus started spreading all over the globe. Widespread anxiety, stress and apprehension also started building up in children. However, these are natural and common traits to be found in a changing environment. 

Along with the devastating effects of COVID-19 – like social distance which is currently affecting our lifestyle is a crucial task that we check each other out, call/ video chat, and are mindful of or sensitive to the unique mental health needs of those we care for. Our concerns and anxieties should be acknowledged and not ignored but better understood and discussed with people, society and government. Children are prone to witness worry, anxiety, fear and this can include the types of fears that are very similar to those experienced by adults alike fear of dying, a fear of their relatives dying, or a fear of what it means to seek medical attention.


If schools are closed down as part of the required steps, therefore children may no longer have the sense of order and excitement that this atmosphere offers. We now have less chance to be with their friends and get the social help that is important for good mental health.

Being at home can put some children at elevated risk of child safety events or exposure to them, or have them experience interpersonal abuse if their home is not a safe place. That is quite worrying.

While all children are perceptive to change, young children may find it difficult to grasp the changes that have arisen and both young, as well as older children, may show irritability and anger. Children may find they want to be closer to their parents make more demands on them and in turn, some parents or caregivers may themselves be under undue pressure.

Simple approaches that can overcome this could include giving young people the love and support they need to conquer their concerns, and being straightforward with them, discussing what's going on with an understanding tone and this should be done even when they're young. Children are very perceptive and will be observing how their caregivers will act. Parents do need help in handling their own stressors in order to be models for their kids. Helping children find ways to express themselves through imaginative activities and provide structure, if possible, through setting routines, particularly if they do not go to school.

The current COVID-19 pandemic has culminated in several steps of quarantine and social isolation intended for the near future to keep individuals physically distanced from others. While these measures are important to prevent the spread of the novel coronavirus, they can cause widespread mental health effects among younger and older people, including depression and loneliness.

COVID-19 affects us all, no matter how old we are. Not every child responds the same way as with everyone. Many kids may not be really interested while others may experience negative feelings. Children like adults also have different personalities and resilience levels which affect their well-being.

Some kids may experience higher levels of stress or may feel anxious or grumpy. Some can experience anxiety, being irritable, hostile or frightened. Depending on how long the situation lasts, there may appear feelings of sadness or depression which could lead to social withdrawal or crying. Some of these symptoms can also be seen in physical responses, including stomach aches, headaches or loss of appetite. 

The lack of social interaction is just another major thing. Imagine how children miss their family, peers and playmates! Younger children are not yet able to reach out to their friends/grandparents on their own. It is difficult for us adults to accept the recommended and necessary barriers, and probably much harder for our little ones.

Finally, media influence can have a detrimental effect on kids just as it might have on you. The endless stream of news and pictures of sick and even dying people that children watch on television, radio and social media can contribute to fear and anxiety. 

Fortunately, people are very flexible and adaptable beings including children. Nevertheless, the longer children can not have regular contact with their friends and family, the more they will miss them. It can be tough to stay at home for a long time; feelings of loneliness and fear can appear. Cabin fever may occur when the whole family spends several weeks together 24/7. 


1. Speaking to them is one of the most significant things! Speak about what is going on and ask them about their feelings and thoughts. Support them when they are upset about anything. 

2. Let your children play. 

3. Let your children be physically active. 

4. A practice that decreases mental and emotional tension-from preschoolers to adults-is breathing attentively. 

5. Help your children maintain their social lives and keep in touch with their friends and grandparents, particularly the younger ones. Let them write letters or take pictures to send and make phone calls or video calls to the family. They'll be happy to see that everything is fine.

Given that the condition does not quickly improve, what are some ways of preserving normalcy in children's lives during this time?


1. Seek to maintain as much of the routine and structure as possible. You might set fixed mealtime times, playtime with the parents, etc. Make a weekly schedule for or for them, so that they can see what will happen next. You can also schedule one fun and the special thing they will look forward to doing together every day-having a dance party, baking a pizza or having a pillow fight!



 2. Laughing brings happiness both to your child's world and to his own. It enhances the production of the serotonin and endorphin pleasure hormones that make us feel better. Laughing also reduces the production of stress hormones, such as cortisol and adrenalin.

3. Last but not least: do things which make your kids happy. 

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